Hummingbird Food Recipe Sugar Water Ratio

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Hummingbird Sugar Water Ratio Chart

Best Hummingbird Food Recipe! Perfect Sugar to Water Ratio


How To Guide: Sugar/Water Ratio For Hummingbird

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Sugar Water For Hummingbirds 101 | Birds & Blooms

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S For How To Make Hummingbird Food

STEP 1. Put the plain sugar and tap water in a saucepan and heat on the stove, gently stirring the sugar into solution. Bring to a boil, reduce the heat, cover the pot, and allow the solution to boil for 2 minutes.

If you use one cup of sugar, use four cups of water. If you use two cups of sugar, use eight cups of water. Research has shown that this ratio most closely approximates the sugar concentration found in many hummingbird flowers.

Enjoying Hummingbirds In the Wild & In Your Yard, by Larry & Terrie Gates

STEP 2. After boiling, allow the solution to cool off to room temperature. The cooled solution can then be pored into a clean hummingbird feeder. Extra sugar-water hummingbird food from this recipe can be stored in the fridge for a few days.

Every batch of feeding solution should be stovetop boiled two minutes to retard fermentation. Use a lid to prevent escaping vapours from concentrating the solution.

Should I Add Red Dye To The Food

No, you do not need to add red food coloring or red dye to hummingbird food for them to find the nectar. Many hummingbird feeders have red on them which is an alert to the tiny birds. However, even without the color red, hummingbirds can find the sweet liquid using their senses.

Red food coloring is also made from chemicals, which may be harmful to birds. If they dont need it, there is no reason to feed the hummers artificial colorings which arent found in nature.

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How Many Parts Sugar To Water In A Hummingbird Food Recipe

Most experts suggest the best nectar ratio is 1:4 sugar to water. In other words, one part sugar, four parts water. However, there are a couple times when you might want to lower the ratio to 1:3.

Most likely, if you have a 1:4 ratio of nectar in a top-quality feeder, youll have no problem attracting the birds. However, if you want to increase your chances of having them visit your property, start welcoming the birds to your home by lowering the ratio to 1:3 .

The other time you may want to lower the ratio to 1:3 is a few weeks before the fall goes in full swing and temperatures start dipping. This will help fatten up the birds for the late fall and winter.

How Long Does Hummingbird Nectar Last

How to Make Hummingbird Food (Sugar Water Recipe)

Once you make your sugar water you can store any excess in an airtight container in the refrigerator for up to 2 weeks.

If you notice mold growing at any time throw it out and make a fresh batch.

Sugar water in your feeders will last around 2-3days before you should change it. This may be even sooner if the feeder is in direct sunlight in the summer months.

If youre lucky your hummingbird visitors will finish the sugar water so none goes to waste.

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Hummingbird Food Recipe Ratio : Best Quality

To save customers time finding the Hummingbird food recipe ratio on the market, our experts have studied, tried, and examined the best selection. We’ve collected 27,949 reviews from consumers and put together a list of the year’s best-selling products from well-known brands, such as Pennington, Perky-pet, Kaytee, Eznectar, Kaytee brand name, Natural springs, Hummingbird market, Sapphire labs, Pop’s, Songbird essentials, Sweet-seed, llc, First nature. Give our experts a call right now and tell us how we can make things easier for you!

  • Added electrolytes keep hummingbirds healthy and hydrated
  • Contains no red dye or other artificial colors
  • Product is ready to use – no mixing required
  • 64 oz. Of red concentrate makes up to 256 oz. Of hummingbird food
  • Hummingbird preferred – 100% high-energy sucrose
  • Use purified water for best results
  • Mix 3 parts water with 1 part concentrate
  • Kaytee Hummingbird ElectroNectar is ready to use
  • Kaytee Hummingbird ElectroNectar, 64 ounce, 2 pack
  • Naturally clear nectar with no added coloring
  • They must eat half their body weight each day by drinking from a 1,000 flowers daily
  • Naturally clear nectar with electrolytes, just like flowers Hummingbirds have enormous endurance and strength for their size
  • Kaycee Hummingbird Electro nectar Wild bird Concentrate 16oz The first ever hydrating energy drink for nature’s tiny acrobats

Homemade Hummingbird Food Recipe

Ive written before about my adoration for the whimsical creatures that are hummingbirds. Last month, I shared about how to attract them to your own yard in this blog post! They just fascinate me and bring so much joy and wonder to outdoor spaces. I grew up watching their little bodies flit and flutter outside the window at my Grandmas house, and ever since, Ive always been delighted when they show up in my garden to feed on flowers or from my hummingbird feeder.

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What Do You Think

Did you find this insight on the best hummingbird nectar ratio helpful? What sugar-to-water mix will you turn to for your feeders in the days ahead? Let us know in the comments below!

This is an updated version of an article that was originally published on August 9, 2018. The author may not currently be available to respond to comments however, we encourage our Community members to chime in to share their experiences and answer questions!

The Grow Network is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate program designed to provide a means for our team to earn fees for recommending our favorite products! We may earn a small commission, at no additional cost to you, should you purchase an item after clicking one of our links. Thanks for supporting TGN!

Can You Give Hummingbirds Plain Water


Most birds visit bird baths to quench their thirst, but hummingbirds do not drink much plain water. The nectar hummingbirds drink provides for nearly all of their hydration and nutrition. But hummingbirds do need birth baths to bathe! Plus, a bird bath lets hummingbirds cool off on a warm, summer day.

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Boiling Is Only To Slow Fermentation

While boiling will help slow the fermentation of the nectar initially, the nectar in hummingbird feeders is contaminated as soon as it is sipped by a bird. Therefore, it is not necessary to boil the nectar once the sugar has been dissolved. If you use extra fine sugar or stir the nectar vigorously, no boiling or heating may be needed.

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How Long Do You Boil Sugar Water For Hummingbirds

Instructions Boil your water on the stove for 1 minute. Remove the water from the stove and stir in the sugar. Stir until the sugar dissolves. Allow the mixture to come to room temperature. Fill your humming bird feeder as directed on individual instructions. Store leftover sugar water in the fridge for up to 2 weeks.

How Can I Attract Hummingbirds

How to Make Hummingbird Food (Sugar Water Recipe)
  • First, be sure they do live in your area. There are parts of Canada and the United States where they do not visit. This map shows hummingbird sightings.
  • Create a hummingbird-friendly garden.
  • Grow plants hummingbirds like.
  • Provide nesting and resting habitat with trees and shrubs.
  • Make your hummingbird feeders visible from above: dont place them on a covered patio where the birds might never discover them.
  • Keep cats and dogs out of garden .

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Tips For Making Hummingbird Food

  • Use a larger 4 parts water to 1 part sugar mixture to make a bigger batch of nectar.
  • You can store the unused homemade hummingbird nectar in the refrigerator for 2 weeks.
  • Do not use honey as this can cause a fatal infection to a hummingbird’s tongue.
  • Artificial sweeteners or sugars have no nutritional value. Please don’t use them.
  • Red dyes are not necessary and some may be unhealthy.
  • Remember to clean your feeder regularly.
  • Change the nectar every 3 to 5 days and more often in hot weather.
  • NOTE: Since this hummingbird food recipe is a sugar water mixture, it can quickly ferment in the heat and sun causing bacteria and mold. You will see the nectar turn cloudy when it starts to ferment.

We have been using this nectar recipe for years and we have had many hungry birds at our feeders.

We hope your feeders will be as busy with hummingbirds enjoying this delectable treat!

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What Plants And Flowers Attract Hummingbirds

Hummingbirds like flowers that produce a lot of nectar, such as bee balm, salvias, weigela, trumpet honeysuckle and bleeding hearts. Red, tubular flowers are especially popular with these birds.

Many nursery flowers are bred for color, longevity and size but dont produce much nectar, but some nurseries may have sections devoted to hummingbirds. Learn more about flowers that attract hummingbirds here.

Can I Use Other Sugars In Hummingbird Nectar

How to Make Hummingbird Food / Hummingbird Nectar Recipe

You should always try to use refined sugar in hummingbird feeders. This is the regular, pure white table sugar you can purchase at any grocery store. This sugar is pure sucrose, which mimics nectar when combined with water.

Never use powdered sugar, turbinado sugar, corn syrup, honey, or unprocessed or raw sugars. These often have other ingredients added to them which can be harmful to hummingbirds.

For example, confectioners sugar, or powdered sugar, contain cornstarch. Natural raw sugars contain higher levels of iron in the mixture which, while it is great for humans, can be toxic to the birds. Likewise, honey can promote fungal growth which is even more dangerous for the birds and makes the feeder much more difficult to clean.

If you need to substitute table sugar for another type of sugar, beet sugar is the only other recommended type of sugar to use.

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Out My Backdoor: 4 Parts Water 1 Part Sugara Special Fuel

The bird that controls the air space over our yards throughout spring and summer is the ruby-throated hummingbird. Although it is so small that 10 can be mailed for the price of a first-class stamp, no other bird can threaten its aerial superiority. As is the case with supersonic aircraft that coarse the skies of the world, this feathered dynamo operates on a high-energy fuel. In the hummingbirds case, the fuel is sugar.

Traditionally, hummingbirds obtain most of this energy by eating nectar from flowersa lot of flowers. A hummingbird sometimes visits upwards of 1,500 flowers a day to meet its energy needs. If we had the same rate of metabolism, we could consume 155,000 calories worth of candy bars, French fries and ice cream sodas every day and never have a worry about gaining an ounce of weight.

Some 101 years ago a lady by the name of Caroline Soule crafted the first hummingbird feeder. Little did this homeowner know that her invention would change the lives of hummingbirds and hummingbird fanciers. Her feeder was a simple affair consisting of nothing more than an artificial trumpet creeper blossom stuffed into the opening of a glass bottle containing sugar water. When she first hung her feeder in the yard of her Brookline, Mass., home, she didnt have to wait long to see if hummingbirds would use it. In practically no time at all, hungry hummingbirds were regularly visiting the odd source of food.

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How Can I Make Hummingbird Food Without Boiling Water

If you are unable to heat water, you can stir the granulated sugar vigorously until it dissolves into the water. Or put the sugar and water in a jar and seal the lid and shake until dissolved. This method can take longer.

Alternatively, allow the sugar to sit in the water for an hour before stirring and it will probably dissolve on its own, especially if you allow the water to sit in the hot sun.

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Fascinating Facts About Hummingbirds

  • With over 350 different species of hummingbirds, this group is the second largest family of birds in the world. The most common species in our Coastal California garden is the Anna hummingbird, along with a short visit from the extra-feisty Rufous hummers during their impressive annual migration between Mexico and Alaska. Ruby-throated hummingbirds are very common in the mid to eastern United States.
  • A hummingbirds heart beats over 1200 times per minute!
  • Hummingbirds can flap their wings at a rate of up to 200 times per second, depending on the species. On average, they fly at 25 to 30 mph but can hit speeds of 50 mph during a dive!
  • Hummingbirds have an amazing memory. They can remember every flower they have ever visited, and also know how long it takes for the flower to refill with nectar.
  • In addition to flowers, hummingbirds also have the ability to remember and recognize people. They will pay special attention to the person who changes out their hummingbird feeder, and will even get sassy with you as a reminder that the feeder needs a refill! Hummingbirds also remember where the good feeders and gardens are, and will return to them year-after-year!
  • Hummingbirds do not mate for life. The female hummingbird does the work of building a nest, tending to eggs, and raising the young. A hummingbird nest is about the size of a walnut shell, the eggs the size of a large jelly bean, and a newborn hummingbird is around the size of a penny!
  • Homemade Hummingbird Nectar Tips

    How to Make Hummingbird Food (Sugar Water Recipe)

    Here are some tips to keep your hummingbirds coming back year after year!

  • Change the hummingbird nectar a minimum of once per week, but twice a week, or every 4 or 5 days, is best. But, take it from me, your hummingbirds will let you know when it needs to be changed! My little guys flit and flicker and zip and zoom around my head, chittering and chattering when they want their nectar changed. I even had one bonk me on the head last year because I didnt have a feeder for them in my backyard!
  • When changing the hummingbird nectar, make sure to dump out the full contents of the feeder and give it a good rinsing with very hot water before refilling. Dont just add nectar to whats already in there. Thats just nasty.
  • This hummingbird nectar recipe is great because you can make one big batch and store it in a glass jar, or another air-tight container, for up to two weeks. It makes enough to fill up two large hummingbird feeders halfway and change them out over the course of two weeks.
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    How Do I Clean My Feeder

    The feeder should be cleaned every time you change the hummingbird food in it. We advise against using detergent, and definitely advise against harsh chemicals any residue could harm the birds. In most cases, rinsing thoroughly with hot water, adding a splash of white vinegar if needed, is usually enough to ensure that the feeder is in pristine condition, ready to be refilled with fresh hummingbird food.

    Should You Add Red Food Coloring

    The answer is definitely no, don’t add red food coloring to your hummingbird food recipe. “We don’t recommend adding anything unnecessary to any bird food, including hummingbird nectar, because the impacts of most additives on bird health are unknown. So, better to keep it as pure and simple as possible, just sugar and water,” says Greig. Hummingbirds are attracted to the color red, so many feeders have a bit of red in their design. That’s a safer way to catch hummers’ attention.

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    When Should I Put Out My Hummingbird Feeder

    Hummingbirds migrate with the seasons, so when you put out a hummingbird feeder depends on where you live. For those who lives in southern parts of the States, you can set up feeders from February through November. Across the middle of the country, plan on placing feeders from April through October. Along the northern states in the U.S., put hummingbird feeders out from early May through September.

    When To Buy Commercial Hummingbird Nectar

    How to Make Hummingbird Food

    Though it only takes a few minutes to make homemade nectar, if you don’t have time to make your own hummingbird nectar, you can purchase powdered or liquid nectar concentrates to use as well. These concentrates often come in premeasured portions to fill a single feeder, depending on its capacity, and can be convenient for RV travelers, using at a campsite, or giving as a gift with a hummingbird feeder. If you do opt for commercial products, check ingredient lists to be sure the product does not contain unnecessary preservatives or dyes.

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