Recipe For Reading Orton Gillingham

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Orton Gillingham Blending Board and Book / Recipe Holder

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About The Recipe For Reading Program From Eps

Recipe for Reading from EPS is a research-based, multisensory, phonics-based reading curriculum that features intervention strategies for struggling readers in grades K-6 or beginning readers in grades K-3. It can be used as a core reading program or as a supplement it is an Orton-Gillingham based program and was initially developed for use with dyslexic students. Children who progress through the program will learn consonant sounds, digraphs, consonant blends, diphthongs, short/long vowels, inflectional endings, suffixes, and spelling rules. Incorporating visual, auditory, and kinesthetic techniques, this program is ideal for differentiated instruction.

The program is centered on the Recipe for Reading Teachers Manual. It contains a series of structured lessons that cover the entire Recipe for Reading program. The material is presented in a flexible format, allowing teachers to differentiate instruction depending on the specific needs of their students. It contains instructions for all the Student Workbooks , Sound Cards, and The Alphabet Series readers.

The eight student workbooks are non-reproducible, consumable, and sold individually. There are 4 to 8 practice pages for each skill, and activities include phonemic awareness, encoding and decoding, drawing exercises, sentence completions, matching sentences to pictures, identifying words that feature certain phonetic features, and other exercises. Each workbook covers a section of lessons from the teacher manual.

Some Additional Activities That Are Included In An Orton

Phonological Awareness:

Most Orton-Gillingham lessons will also teach and practice phonological awareness activities throughout the entire program. These will include activities with rhyming, syllable division, and sound segmentation.

Fluency Drills:

Fluency Drills are often used during the Orton-Gillingham lessons to help the students practice mastering their newly learned Orton-Gillingham skills. Students are given a fluency practice drill and with a marker across the first line, they read the words as quickly as they can. They will do this with every line increasing their speed over time.


Many Orton-Gillingham teachers and tutors like to use games to reinforce the skills that the students are learning. Using a lot of interactive and fun learning games, the Orton-Gillingham lessons can become a bit more colorful and lively for the student.

Do you want to see an Orton-Gillingham Lesson in Action?

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What Does The Orton

If you have been researching reading programs for struggling readers, you might have come across the Orton-Gillingham method a few times. This is by far the most effective reading approach for students that need to learn differently. This method might seem complicated but it isnt. Here is a step by step explanation on what an Orton-Gillingham lesson looks like.

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Structured Literacy And Orton

Over the years, there have been different approaches to teaching young children to read. The two main approaches discussed and debated in the academic setting are whole language and phonics. Whole language instruction emphasizes meaning and, put simply, focuses on teaching children to recognize words as whole pieces of language. This directly contrasts with phonics-based instruction which emphasizes the teaching of decoding and spelling.

Dyslexic students benefit from multi-sensory, phonics-based instruction. Today, the two most common terms used to describe phonics-based methods of instruction are Structured Literacy and Orton-Gilligham .

Some classroom reading programs based on Orton-Gillingham methods include: Project Read, Wilson Fundations and Recipe for Reading. Instruction is typically 20-30 minutes per day.

Some reading intervention programs based on Orton-Gillingham methods include: The Barton Reading & Spelling System, The Wilson Reading System, The Slingerland Approach and The Spaulding Method.

More recently, the International Dyslexia Association coined the term Structured Literacy. Structured Literacy refers to reading instruction that is systematic, cumulative and explicit. Not only does Structured Literacy benefit dyslexic students, but evidence shows that it is beneficial for all readers.

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The Blending Drill In The Orton

The Blending Drill in the Orton-Gillingham lesson is an activity that encourages students to practice reading nonsense words. Nonsense words force the students to use decoding and not memorization skills. The phonogram cards are separated into three piles on a table top. The vowels are put in the middle of the pile.

The student points to each phonogram card from left to right and blends the sounds into a nonsense word. The teacher keeps flipping the cards from the different columns to make different combinations.

Implications For Practitioners Parents And Policy Makers

Susan Nolan teaching an Orton Gillingham lesson with a dyslexic child

Finally, many practitioners, parents, and policy makers value the multisensory component of OG instruction . The majority of states have legislation mandating the use of multisensory reading interventions for students with WLRD. It is possible that many OG interventions are used with students with WLRD because they are marketed as providing that multisensory instruction required in state dyslexia legislation. In addition, it is possible that OG interventions continue to be used in practice, despite the limited evidence supporting their effectiveness, because there remains a prevailing myth that individuals with dyslexia require specialized, multisensory instruction that is inherently different than the instruction required by other students experiencing WLRD .

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Review With Sound Cards

Using Phonogram Cards or Sound Cards the student is drilled with skills they have already learned. Phonogram Drill Cards are usually separated by color. For example the vowels might be green, the consonants might be white, the suffixes might be blue, etc.

Students are required to review these Sound Card at the beginning of each lesson, before a new concept is taught. Reviewing them over and over again, week after week, month after month helps the students remember them over time.

How Did I Compile This List

I created with several considerations in mind. First, I based it on the books my owned trainers required us to read. Second, I sought out titles from my own professional development over the years. Third, I queried the members of my private FB group for Orton-Gillingham teachers and tutors to see if there were any that they would recommend in addition to what I already had. Warning, this list may seem a deep in the wallet. Do not feel like you have to purchase all of these, especially in brand new condition. Borrow, or find used copies. It IS nice to have some of your own, however because youll want to refer back to themfrequently.

If you are interested in reading more about the format of O-G, be sure to read What Does An Orton-Gillingham Lesson Plan Look Like?

Note: There are several other resource books I did not add to this list, but I plan to include those in a separate post.

  • The Gillingham Manual by: Anna Gillingham and Bessie Stillman- Consider this required reading for anyone who is seeking to become trained in the Orton-Gillingham approach. It will guide through the principles of O-G, lesson planning and word lists.
  • A Guide To Teaching Phonics by: June Lyday Orton- Dr. Sameul T. Ortons wife, June wrote this to be used as a companion to anyone who is trained in O-G and looking for guidance with lesson planning.
  • How To Teach Spelling by: Laura Toby Rudginsky- If you need to create word lists, this is a great resource to have on hand.
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    Who Were Orton And Gillingham

    Dr. Samuel T. Orton was a pioneer in the study and understanding of dyslexia. He studied numerous children with language processing issues and eventually developed teaching principles designed to help these children learn language more effectively. One of Dr. Ortons students, Anna Gillingham , further developed Ortons ideas and eventually combined his teaching methods with her own understanding of language structure. The first Orton-Gillingham manual was published in 1935.

    Ortongillingham: What You Need To Know

    Orton Gillingham

    OrtonGillingham was the first teaching approach specifically designed to help struggling readers by explicitly teaching the connections between letters and sounds. Many reading programs include OrtonGillingham ideas, including a multisensory approach, which is considered highly effective for teaching students with dyslexia.

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    How Ortongillingham Works

    The first step is assessing a student to determine his reading skills and areas of strength and weakness. This can be done by any specialist or teacher trained in the OrtonGillingham approach.

    Students are then taught in small groups with others at similar skill levels. Instructors follow a highly structured approach that teaches skills in a particular order. This order is based on an understanding of how children naturally develop language.

    For example, the group may first work on making the connection between sounds and the letters that represent those sounds. The next step will be recognizing those sounds in words. Students must master each skill before they move on to the next. If a student is confused, the instructor will reteach that skill from the beginning. The goal is for students to use the skills theyve learned to decode words independently.

    Its important to know what program your childs school uses, and how different programs work. That knowledge can help you see if the school is meeting program goals. And it will give you a better idea of how to help your child at home.

    Why Does The Orton

    The Orton-Gillingham approach helps take the mystery out of reading and spelling by focusing on why words are spelled the way they are. Though the English language contains just 26 letters, these letters combine to create approximately 44 speech sounds, and there are over 250 ways to spell those sounds. But the OG approach translates the spelling of these sounds into phonograms and demystifies reading and spelling by teaching students to apply rules and generalizations that help make what was once difficult much easier!

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    Introduce A New Skill

    When the student is ready to learn a new skill, there are several ways this is introduced in an Orton-Gillingham lesson.

    1. The new concept will be taught explicitly by the teacher.

    2. The teacher will use multisensory teaching methods to help the concept stick. This means the student will see it , hear it , and move with it . Students are asked to trace, skywrite, use arm tapping, write on their palms and paper, build words with letter tiles, write on textured material, and use other multisensory activities to help reinforce the new concept.

    3. The teacher will use a Keyword or Picture to introduce the new concept. These pictures help the student remember a particular letter or sound relationship with a visual.

    Tips To Encourage Independent Learning Skills During Orton

    DIY Sand Tray for the Orton-Gillingham Lesson

    The term Dyslexia is a commonly used term for a problem associated with learning to read or with interpreting words, letters, numbers, and other symbols. Even some people with dyslexia state that when they try to read, the letters and numbers move around the page.

    If you find something is not right with your childs reading and learning abilities the very first step is to get a learning difficulty assessment. This will help you determine your childs unique strengths and weaknesses and get recommendations to help your child learn more effectively.

    Choose Orton Gillingham tutoring to assist with unique action plans, motivation, goal setting, classroom progress reviews, time management, and organization skills. The Orton-Gillingham approach is generally recommended for children with dyslexia. However, it is also an effective technique to help children who struggle with reading, writing, and spelling. It is essential to find a solution that works positively because learning disabilities can cause children to be held back in the classroom and harm their confidence level.

    Orton Gillingham method allows instructors to help students master reading and writing skills by customizing each lesson according to the strengths and weaknesses of each dyslexic student. This individualized approach is particularly effective for dyslexic students because dyslexia disorder presents differently in each child.

    Setting up Sheets for Dictation

    Writing the date

    Relevant Reference Tools


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    Where To Find Ortongillingham

    OrtonGillingham is a well-regarded approach to teaching kids with reading issues. Thats why many classroom teachers use OrtonGillinghamtype strategies in their reading instruction. Having students walk around the floor in the pattern of a letter, for instance, is an activity inspired by OrtonGillingham.

    But reading specialists use the approach and programs influenced by it more comprehensively with students who have dyslexia and other reading issues. Some schools provide OrtonGillinghamlike instruction through a students IEP or response to intervention.

    There are a number of reading programs influenced by the OrtonGillingham approach. These include the Barton Reading Program and the Wilson Reading System. These programs vary somewhat. But they all use a highly structured, multisensory approach.

    Recipe For Reading Training Programs:

    Intervention Strategies for Struggling Readers. An Orton-Gillingham Based Program: This workshop/training contains a comprehensive, multisensory, phonic-based reading program which presents a skill sequence and lesson structure designed for beginning, at-risk or struggling readers. Recipe for Reading can be used as a successful intervention for students in Tier 1 or can be the primary, beginning reading program for Tier 2 and 3 students as well as special education reading programs. Please contact Crossroads for Educational Services for training.

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    Is There Scientific Evidence To Support Og Instruction For Students With Wlrd

    The major finding in Ritchey and Goekes review revealed the research was simply insufficient, in the number of studies conducted and study quality, to support OG instruction as an evidence-based practice. Nearly 15 years later, the results of this meta-analysis suggest OG interventions do not statistically significantly improve foundational skill outcomes or vocabulary and reading comprehension outcomes for students with or at risk for WLRD over and above comparison condition instruction. Despite the finding that effects were not statistically significant, we interpret a mean effect of 0.22 as indicating promise that OG may positively impact student outcomes. For students with significant WLRD, who often demonstrate limited response to early reading interventions , 0.22 may be indicative of educationally meaningful reading progress. However, until a sufficient number of high-quality research studies exist, we echo the cautionary recommendation provided in that initial review: Despite the continued widespread acceptance, use, and support for OG instruction, there is little evidence to date that these interventions significantly improve reading outcomes for students with or at risk for WLRD over and above comparison group instruction.

    What Ortongillingham Focuses On

    Recipe For Reading Workbooks

    OrtonGillingham focuses on teaching kids to read at the word level. While it can help develop reading comprehension, that is not the primary goal.

    This approach uses multiple pathways to help kids learn. For example, students might learn the letter by seeing it, saying its name and sounding it out while writing it with their fingers in shaving cream.

    OrtonGillingham also puts a strong emphasis on understanding the how and why behind reading. Students may explore why the letter s sounds one way in the word plays, and another way in the word snake. Once they know consistent rules and patterns, theyre better able to decode words on their own.

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    The Essential Reading List For Orton

    Today, I am providing you with a list of professional books that are truly invaluable if you teach reading. Whether you are just starting out on your journey with writing Orton-Gillingham lesson plans, in the middle of a practicum, starting a private practice, working in an elementary school, or a seasoned educator whos used O-G methodology for years, this is a list you will want to refer to repeatedly over time.

    Red Words In The Orton

    Red Words or Sight Words are those words that cannot be sounded out phonetically and do not follow any particular phonemic rule. Using multisensory strategies, the student can learn the Red Words by arm tapping, finger sliding, finger tracing and other multisensory activities.

    Step 5: Reading Words, Sentences, and Text

    In each Orton-Gillingham lesson, students are asked to read words, sentences, or a decodable text using the concept that they are learning.

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    What Is Orton

    In the 1930s, neuropsychiatrist and pathologist Dr. Samuel T. Orton and educator, psychologist Anna Gillingham developed the Orton-Gillingham approach to reading instruction for students with word-blindness, which would later become known as dyslexia. Their approach combined direct, multi-sensory teaching strategies paired with systematic, sequential lessons focused on phonics.

    Today, the Orton-Gillingham approach is used around the world to help students at all levels learn to read.

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